|Relative (Rel"a*tive) (r?l"?-t?v), a.
[F. relatif, L. relativus. See Relate.]
1. Having relation or reference; referring; respecting; standing in connection; pertaining; as, arguments not relative to the subject. "I'll have grounds More relative than this." Shak.
2. Arising from relation; resulting from connection with, or reference to, something else; not absolute. "Every thing sustains both an absolute and a relative capacity: an absolute, as it is such a thing, endued with such a nature; and a relative, as it is a part of the universe, and so stands in such a relations to the whole." South.
3. (Gram.) Indicating or expressing relation; refering to an antecedent; as, a relative pronoun.
4. (Mus.) Characterizing or pertaining to chords and keys, which, by reason of the identify of some of their tones, admit of a natural transition from one to the other. Moore (Encyc. of Music).
-- Relative clause (Gram.), a clause introduced by a relative pronoun.
-- Relative term, a term which implies relation to, as guardian to ward, matter to servant, husband to wife. Cf. Correlative.
Relative (Rel"a*tive), n.
One who, or that which, relates to, or is considered in its relation to, something else; a relative object or term; one of two object or term; one of two objects directly connected by any relation. Specifically: (a) A person connected by blood or affinity; strictly, one allied by blood; a relation; a kinsman or kinswoman. "Confining our care . . . to ourselves and relatives." Bp. Fell. (b) (Gram.) A relative prnoun; a word which relates to, or represents, another word or phrase, called its antecedent; as, the relatives " who", "which", "that".
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